Second Empire Style (1860-1890)
Defining Elements of the Second Empire Style:
- Similar in detail to Italianate Style, but with a Mansard roof, often with dormers.
- Modillions or cornice brackets supporting the overhanging eaves.
- Symmetrical or asymmetrical façade.
- Side hall or center hall plans.
- Decorate quoins at the corner.
- Projecting bays, one or two stories in height and elevated porches are very common.
- Tall narrow windows, some arched or curved at the top. Sometimes paired. 2/2 sashes are common.
- Projecting hoods supported by brackets above doors and windows.
- Square tower or turret common.
- Wood frame or masonry construction.
- Very common in Portland for buildings constructed after Great Fire of 1866, commercial and multi-family buildings from this period are usually masonry.
- Commercial buildings often have elaborate wood or cast iron storefronts.
- Multi-color slate roofs common.
Examples of Second Empire Style Architecture in Greater Portland: