Federal Style (1780-1830)
Defining Elements of the Federal Style:
- Usually two or more stories to emphasize height.
- Symmetrical façade, usually five bays wide.
- A high stone foundation sometimes set on an elevated portion of the building lot.
- Multi-paned sash windows symmetrically arranged and often flanked by wooden shutters.
- Usually interior wall chimneys.
- A central entry door with flanking side lights and a fan light above.
- Semicircular or rectangular portico.
- Roof form is usually a low-sloped hip roof or gable roof.
- Details and scale emphasize height and lightness.
- Use of Palladian window common.
- Brick and wood frame construction common.
Examples of Federal Style Architecture in Greater Portland: