Federal Style (1780-1830)

Defining Elements of the Federal Style:

  • Usually two or more stories to emphasize height.
  • Symmetrical façade, usually five bays wide.
  • A high stone foundation sometimes set on an elevated portion of the building lot.
  • Multi-paned sash windows symmetrically arranged and often flanked by wooden shutters.
  • Usually interior wall chimneys.
  • A central entry door with flanking side lights and a fan light above.
  • Semicircular or rectangular portico.
  • Roof form is usually a low-sloped hip roof or gable roof.
  • Details and scale emphasize height and lightness.
  • Use of Palladian window common.
  • Brick and wood frame construction common.

Examples of Federal Style Architecture in Greater Portland: